is the act of travel for the purpose of recreation, and
the provision of services for this act. A tourist is someone
who travels at least eighty kilometres (fifty miles) from
home for the purpose of recreation, as defined by the
World Tourism Organization (a United Nations body). A
more comprehensive definition would be that tourism is
a service industry, comprising a number of tangible and
intangible components. The tangible elements include transport
systems - air, rail, road, water and now, space; hospitality
services - accommodation, foods and beverages, tours,
souvenirs; and related services such as banking, insurance
and safety and security. The intangible elements include:
rest and relaxation, culture, escape, adventure, new and
Many countries, like Greece, depend heavily upon travel
expenditures by foreigners as a source of taxation and
as a source of income for the enterprises that sell
(export) services to these travellers. Consequently
the development of Greek tourism is a strategy primarily
employed by the Greek National Tourism Organization
(GNTO) or other non-governmental local agencies to promote
a particular region for the purpose of increasing commerce
through exporting goods and services to non-locals.
Sometimes Tourism and Travel are used interchangeably.
In this context travel has a similar definition to tourism,
but implies a more purposeful journey.
The term tourism is sometimes used pejoratively, implying
a shallow interest in the societies and places that
the tourist visits.